Port Essington

The Historical Archaeology of a North Australian Nineteenth-Century Military Outpost

Jim Allen

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Format: paperback
158 pages
ISBN: 9781920898878
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.30722/sup.9781920898878
Publication: 16 May 2008
Series: Studies in Australasian Historical Archaeology
Publisher: Sydney University Press

Read online: Open access

In 1966 Jim Allen undertook the first professional excavation of a European site in Australia. The 1840s military settlement of Victoria was established at Port Essington, the northernmost part of the Northern Territory and was the end point of Ludwig Leichhardt's epic journey in 1844-45. This settlement was the longest lived of three failed attempts by the British to establish a settlement on the northern coast of Australia before 1850. Its history reflects many of the dominant themes of wider colonial history - isolation, tropical disease, poorly equipped and inexperienced colonists, inept government bureaucracies and relations with the Indigenous population.

By looking at both the material evidence produced by archaeological excavation and the written sources, Allen sought to integrate both sorts of evidence to produce an eclectic history that was neither social nor political nor economic in its primary emphasis, but combined all three. When his research was presented as a doctoral dissertation at the Australian National University in 1969 its main theoretical thrust concerned the problems of this data integration and this remains a central issue in the discipline of historical archaeology in Australasia.

Some 40 years on, ASHA's decision to launch its new monograph series by publishing this work has several purposes. At one level this monograph is of historical importance in establishing where the discipline began in this country. It explains both the theoretical and methodological problems Allen faced and how he sought to overcome them. At another level it provides the data from an important excavation that has not been previously published. On a third level it provides a particular sort of historical account of a small but important chapter of Australia's European beginnings that could not have been written without the dual sources of written documents and archaeology. Together they reflect a poignant episode in our past. In the decade following this work Port Essington became the subject of a four part ABC-TV drama, a musical composition by Peter Sculthorpe and paintings by Russell Drysdale.

Port Essington will appeal as a reference book to both students and practitioners of historical archaeology and to people interested in Australian colonial history.

Jim Allen is professor emeritus of archaeology at La Trobe University.

About the series
President’s introduction
A retrospective introduction

  1. Introduction: the problem defined
  2. Excavations and architecture
  3. Pottery
  4. Glass
  5. Metal, stone and bone
  6. The establishment of Port Essington
  7. The political background
  8. Life at Port Essington
  9. Conclusions


"It stands as a must-have for any historical archaeologist working in this part of the world, as well as for anyone with an interest in the history and European settlement of Australia's Top End."
Clayton Fredricksen   Archaeology in Oceania

'a seamless integration of sources, with his publication clearly separated into two distinct sections for archaeology and history, where the latter is used as an explanation for the former. '
Benjamin Baker   Post-Medieval Archaeology

'The study stands out as an early investigation into culture contact and Aboriginal history, a theme that would become popular from the 1980s onward. Allen considers the archaeological evidence for Aboriginal uses of the site before, during and after the fort phases.'
Alistair Paterson   Antiquity

Format: paperback
Size: 297 × 210 × 8 mm
158 pages
118 b&w illustrations and 95 b&w tables
ISBN: 9781920898878
Publication: 16 May 2008
Series: Studies in Australasian Historical Archaeology